STOCKHOLM CONVENTION
ON PERSISTENT ORGANIC
POLLUTANTS (POPs)

Meetings Implementation Guidance Background UNEP POPs Programme
 

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Stockholm, 22 May 2001

 
Entry into force: 17 May 2004, in accordance with article 26 (1) see article 26 which reads as follows:

"1. This Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification acceptance, approval or accession.

2. For each State or regional economic integration organization that ratifies, accepts or approves this Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or regional economic integration organization of its instrument of rafification, acceptance, approval or accession.

3. For the purpose of paragraphs 1 and 2, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that organization."

 

Registration: 17 May 2004, No. 40214.
Status: Signatories: 152 ,Parties: 1461.
Text: Depositary notification C.N.531.2001.TREATIES-96 of 19 June 2001; C.N.1204.2002.TREATIES-63 of 19 November 2002 [Proposal of corrections to the original text of the Convention (authentic Spanish text)] and C.N.157.2003.TREATIES-6 of 21 February 2003 [Correction of the original text of the Convention (authentic Spanish text)].  

Note: The Convention was adopted on 22 May 2001 at the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Stockholm, 22-23 May 2001.

In accordance with its article 24, the Convention will be open for signature at Stockholm by all States and by regional economic integration organizations on 23 May 2001 at the Stockholm City Conference Centre/Folkets Hus, and at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 24 May 2001 to 22 May 2002.

 

PARTICIPANTS


 
Participant  Signature, Succession to signature (d)  Ratification, Acceptance (A), Approval (AA), Accession (a) 
Albania  5 Dec 2001  4 Oct 2004 
Algeria  5 Sep 2001  22 Sep 2006 
Angola    23 Oct 2006 a 
Antigua and Barbuda  23 May 2001  10 Sep 2003 
Argentina  23 May 2001  25 Jan 2005 
Armenia  23 May 2001  26 Nov 2003 
Australia  23 May 2001  20 May 2004 
Austria  23 May 2001  27 Aug 2002 
Azerbaijan    13 Jan 2004 a 
Bahamas  20 Mar 2002  3 Oct 2005 
Bahrain  22 May 2002  31 Jan 2006 
Bangladesh  23 May 2001  12 Mar 2007 
Barbados    7 Jun 2004 a 
Belarus    3 Feb 2004 a 
Belgium  23 May 2001  25 May 2006 
Belize  14 May 2002   
Benin  23 May 2001  5 Jan 2004 
Bolivia  23 May 2001  3 Jun 2003 
Bosnia and Herzegovina  23 May 2001   
Botswana    28 Oct 2002 a 
Brazil  23 May 2001  16 Jun 2004 
Brunei Darussalam  21 May 2002   
Bulgaria  23 May 2001  20 Dec 2004 
Burkina Faso  23 May 2001  31 Dec 2004 
Burundi  2 Apr 2002  2 Aug 2005 
Cambodia  23 May 2001  25 Aug 2006 
Cameroon  5 Oct 2001   
Canada  23 May 2001  23 May 2001 
Cape Verde    1 Mar 2006 a 
Central African Republic  9 May 2002   
Chad  16 May 2002  10 Mar 2004 
Chile  23 May 2001  20 Jan 2005 
China2  23 May 2001  13 Aug 2004 
Colombia  23 May 2001   
Comoros  23 May 2001  23 Feb 2007
Congo  4 Dec 2001  12 Feb 2007 
Cook Islands    29 Jun 2004 a 
Costa Rica  16 Apr 2002  6 Feb 2007 
Côte d'Ivoire  23 May 2001  20 Jan 2004 
Croatia  23 May 2001  30 Jan 2007 
Cuba  23 May 2001   
Cyprus    7 Mar 2005 a 
Czech Republic  23 May 2001  6 Aug 2002 
Democratic People's Republic of Korea    26 Aug 2002 a 
Democratic Republic of the Congo    23 Mar 2005 a 
Denmark3  23 May 2001  17 Dec 2003 
Djibouti  15 Nov 2001  11 Mar 2004 
Dominica    8 Aug 2003 a 
Dominican Republic  23 May 2001  4 May 2007 
Ecuador  28 Aug 2001  7 Jun 2004 
Egypt  17 May 2002  2 May 2003 
El Salvador  30 Jul 2001   
Eritrea    10 Mar 2005 a 
Ethiopia  17 May 2002  9 Jan 2003 
European Community  23 May 2001  16 Nov 2004 AA 
Fiji  14 Jun 2001  20 Jun 2001 
Finland  23 May 2001  3 Sep 2002 A 
France  23 May 2001  17 Feb 2004 AA 
Gabon  21 May 2002  7 May 2007
Gambia  23 May 2001  28 Apr 2006 
Georgia  23 May 2001  4 Oct 2006 
Germany  23 May 2001  25 Apr 2002 
Ghana  23 May 2001  30 May 2003 
Greece  23 May 2001  3 May 2006 
Guatemala  29 Jan 2002   
Guinea  23 May 2001   
Guinea-Bissau  24 Apr 2002   
Haiti  23 May 2001   
Honduras  17 May 2002  23 May 2005 
Hungary  23 May 2001   
Iceland  23 May 2001  29 May 2002 
India  14 May 2002  13 Jan 2006 
Indonesia  23 May 2001   
Iran (Islamic Republic of)  23 May 2001  6 Feb 2006 
Ireland  23 May 2001   
Israel  30 Jul 2001   
Italy  23 May 2001   
Jamaica  23 May 2001   
Japan    30 Aug 2002 a 
Jordan  18 Jan 2002  8 Nov 2004 
Kazakhstan  23 May 2001   
Kenya  23 May 2001  24 Sep 2004 
Kiribati  4 Apr 2002  7 Sep 2004 
Kuwait  23 May 2001  12 Jun 2006 
Kyrgyzstan  16 May 2002  12 Dec 2006
Lao People's Democratic Republic  5 Mar 2002  28 Jun 2006 
Latvia  23 May 2001  28 Oct 2004 
Lebanon  23 May 2001  3 Jan 2003 
Lesotho  23 Jan 2002  23 Jan 2002 
Liberia    23 May 2002 a 
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya    14 Jun 2005 a 
Liechtenstein  23 May 2001  3 Dec 2004 
Lithuania  17 May 2002  5 Dec 2006
Luxembourg  23 May 2001  7 Feb 2003 
Madagascar  24 Sep 2001  18 Nov 2005 
Malawi  22 May 2002   
Malaysia  16 May 2002   
Maldives    17 Oct 2006 a 
Mali  23 May 2001  5 Sep 2003 
Malta  23 May 2001   
Marshall Islands    27 Jan 2003 a 
Mauritania  8 Aug 2001  22 Jul 2005 
Mauritius  23 May 2001  13 Jul 2004 
Mexico  23 May 2001  10 Feb 2003 
Micronesia (Federated States of)  31 Jul 2001  15 Jul 2005 
Moldova  23 May 2001  7 Apr 2004 
Monaco  23 May 2001  20 Oct 2004 
Mongolia  17 May 2002  30 Apr 2004 
Montenegro4  23 Oct 2006 d   
Morocco  23 May 2001  15 Jun 2004 
Mozambique  23 May 2001  31 Oct 2005 
Myanmar    19 Apr 2004 a 
Namibia    24 Jun 2005 a 
Nauru  9 May 2002  9 May 2002 
Nepal  5 Apr 2002  6 Mar 2007
Netherlands  23 May 2001  28 Jan 2002 A 
New Zealand5  23 May 2001  24 Sep 2004 
Nicaragua  23 May 2001  1 Dec 2005 
Niger  12 Oct 2001  12 Apr 2006 
Nigeria  23 May 2001  24 May 2004 
Niue  12 Mar 2002  2 Sep 2005 
Norway  23 May 2001  11 Jul 2002 
Oman  4 Mar 2002  19 Jan 2005 
Pakistan  6 Dec 2001   
Palau  28 Mar 2002   
Panama  23 May 2001  5 Mar 2003 
Papua New Guinea  23 May 2001  7 Oct 2003 
Paraguay  12 Oct 2001  1 Apr 2004 
Peru  23 May 2001  14 Sep 2005 
Philippines  23 May 2001  27 Feb 2004 
Poland  23 May 2001   
Portugal  23 May 2001  15 Jul 2004 A 
Qatar    10 Dec 2004 a 
Republic of Korea  4 Oct 2001  25 Jan 2007
Romania  23 May 2001  28 Oct 2004 
Russian Federation  22 May 2002   
Rwanda    5 Jun 2002 a 
Saint Kitts and Nevis    21 May 2004 a 
Saint Lucia    4 Oct 2002 a 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines    15 Sep 2005 a 
Samoa  23 May 2001  4 Feb 2002 
Sao Tome and Principe  3 Apr 2002  12 Apr 2006 
Saudi Arabia  14 Mar 2002   
Senegal  23 May 2001  8 Oct 2003 
Serbia  2 May 2002   
Seychelles  25 Mar 2002   
Sierra Leone    26 Sep 2003 a 
Singapore  23 May 2001  24 May 2005 
Slovakia  23 May 2001  5 Aug 2002 
Slovenia  23 May 2001  4 May 2004 
Solomon Islands    28 Jul 2004 a 
South Africa  23 May 2001  4 Sep 2002 
Spain  23 May 2001  28 May 2004 
Sri Lanka  5 Sep 2001  22 Dec 2005 
Sudan  23 May 2001  29 Aug 2006 
Suriname  22 May 2002   
Swaziland    13 Jan 2006 a 
Sweden  23 May 2001  8 May 2002 
Switzerland  23 May 2001  30 Jul 2003 
Syrian Arab Republic  15 Feb 2002  5 Aug 2005 
Tajikistan  21 May 2002  8 Feb 2007 
Thailand  22 May 2002  31 Jan 2005 
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  23 May 2001  27 May 2004 
Togo  23 May 2001  22 Jul 2004 
Tonga  21 May 2002   
Trinidad and Tobago    13 Dec 2002 a 
Tunisia  23 May 2001  17 Jun 2004 
Turkey  23 May 2001   
Tuvalu    19 Jan 2004 a 
Uganda    20 Jul 2004 a 
Ukraine  23 May 2001   
United Arab Emirates  23 May 2001  11 Jul 2002 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland  11 Dec 2001  17 Jan 2005 
United Republic of Tanzania  23 May 2001  30 Apr 2004 
United States of America  23 May 2001   
Uruguay  23 May 2001  9 Feb 2004 
Vanuatu  21 May 2002  16 Sep 2005 
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)  23 May 2001  19 Apr 2005 
Viet Nam  23 May 2001  22 Jul 2002 
Yemen  5 Dec 2001  9 Jan 2004 
Zambia  23 May 2001  7 Jul 2006 
Zimbabwe  23 May 2001   
 

 

DECLARATIONS


Declarations

(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification,

acceptance, approval or accession.)

Argentina

Declaration:

In accordance with article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Republic of Argentina declares that any amendment to Annex A, B, or C shall enter into force for Argentina only after it has deposited its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.

Australia

Declaration:

"In accordance with article 25 (4) [of the Convention], the Government of Australia declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of Australia's instrument of ratification with respect thereto."

Austria

Declaration:

"The Republic of Austria declares in accordance with Article 18 paragraph 2 of the Convention that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in paragraph 2 as compulsory in relation to any party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement."

Bahrain

Declarations:

1. Arbitration according to the procedures adopted by the Conference of States Parties is the only binding procedure for the Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain regarding resolving any dispute on the interpretation or implementation of the Convention.

2. Any amendment to the Convention annexes A, B and C will not be binding to the Kingdom of Bahrain unless it is ratified according to the constitutional rules.

Bangladesh

Declaration

"Pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Bangladesh hereby declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for Bangladesh only upon the deposit by Bangladesh of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with respect thereto."

Belgium

Declaration made upon signature:

"This signature engages also the Waloon region, the Flemish region, and the Brussels-Capital region."

Botswana

Declaration:

"... the Republic of Botswana declares pursuant to article 25 (4) that, with respect to it, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for it only after it has deposited an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect to such amendment."

Canada

Declaration:

"Pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Canada hereby declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for Canada only upon the deposit by Canada of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with respect thereto."

China

Declaration:

In accordance with the provisions of article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, with respect to the People's Republic of China, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.

European Community

Declaration in accordance with article 25 (3) :

"The Community declares that, in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular article 175 thereof, it is competent for entering into international environmental agreements, and for implementing the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives:

- Preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment,

- Protecting human health,

- Prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources,

- Promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.

Moreover, the Community declares that it has already adopted legal instruments, binding on its Member States, covering matters governed by this Convention, and will submit and update, as appropriate, a list of those legal instruments to the Conference of the Parties in accordance with article 15 (1) of the Convention.

The Community is responsible for the performance of those obligations resulting from the Convention which are covered by Community law in force.

The exercise of Community competence is, by its nature, subject to continuous development."

India

28 March 2006

Declaration:

"Any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto."

Liechtenstein

Declaration:

"The Principality of Liechtenstein declares in accordance with Article 18 paragraph 2 of the Convention that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement."

Mauritius

Declaration:

"Pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistant Organic Pollutants, the Republic of Mauritius declares that any amendments to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for the Republic of Mauritius only upon the deposit by the Republic of Mauritius of its instrument of Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Accession with respect thereto."

Moldova

Declaration:

In accordance with article 18, paragraph 2 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any party that accepts the same obligation.

Pursuant to article 25, paragraph 4, of the Convention, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for the Republic of Moldova only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with respect thereto.

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Declaration:

1. The Federated States of Micronesia declares in accordance with the provisions of article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of the Federated States of Micronesia's instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession thereto.

2. The Federated States of Micronesia declares in accordance with Article 18, paragraph 2 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement.

Slovakia

Declaration:

"Pursuant to article 25, paragraph 4, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Slovak Republic hereby declares that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force for the Slovak Republic only upon the deposit by the Slovak Republic of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto."

Slovenia

Declaration:

"In accordance with article 25, paragraph 4 of the Convention, the Republic of Slovenia herewith declares, that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification with respect thereto."

Syrian Arab Republic

Declaration:

The ratification of the Syrian Arab Republic to this Convention shall in no way signify the recognition of Israel or entail entry into any dealings with Israel in the context of the provisions of this Convention.

Vanuatu

Declaration:

"That in relation to paragraph 4 of Article 25 of the Convention, any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall bind the Republic of Vanuatu only upon its deposit of an instrument of ratification or accession with respect to such amendments."

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Declaration:

In accordance with article 25, paragraph 4 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela declares that any amendment to Annex A, B, or C shall enter into force for the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela only after it has deposited its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.

 

 

NOTES


1. In accordance with article 26 (3) of the Convention, any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that organization.


2. With the following :

In accordance with the provisions of article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Convention shall apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.


3. With a territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland.


4. See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.


5. With the following territorial exclusion:

".....consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."

 

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